Use of contaminated needles and syringes. iv. After bleaching, flush the syringe and needle several times again with clean water. v. Unprotected sex with an infected partner. ii. Ear piercing and tattooing could transmit HIV infection if the needle/wire used to pierce the ears/tattooing purposes is contaminated. To eliminate this risk ensure that the needle/wire being used to pierce the ears/for tattooing is sterilized by flaming before use. iv. In case of requirement of blood, always prefer to accept blood from family and friends instead of buying blood from professional donors as one cannot be sure of the quality of blood donated by him. iii. Through Vaccine Programme(a) Polio, small pox vaccine from monkey s kidney-Africa. (b) Hepatitis-B viral vaccine-Los Angles and New YorkHIV/AIDS has had a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a source of discrimination. Transfusion of infected blood and blood products. ADVERTISEMENTS: iii.
As of 2010, approximately 34 million people have contracted HIV globally. Essay on HIV/AIDS: Donating blood carries no risk of acquiring HIV infection as needles uses for this purpose are always sterile. How to Sterilize Needles/Syringes? 1. Do not indulge in sharing of needles and syringes for taking intravenous drugs. ii. They can be very painful and can cause a lot of damage to the body often resulting in illness, intertility, various disabilities and even death. In pregnant women, some STDs can infect babies in the womb or during delivery causing birth defects or even death. What are the Common Symptoms of STDs? An individual infected with a sexually transmitted disease could suffer from: i. Women who have undergone female genital cutting have an increased risk of HIV. Programs encouraging sexual abstinence do not appear to affect subsequent HIV risk. From an infected mother to her baby before, during or soon after birth. To keep away from AIDS all one needs to do is: ADVERTISEMENTS: 1. To Avoid Casual/Multiperson Sex: It may be noted: Sex must always be enjoyed with only one partner, always with own wife/husband. It is advised that for keeping the body free from all types of sexually transmitted diseases as well as other contagious/infectious diseases, one must always be very particular in sharing sexual intercourse. It is also strongly recommended that while going to start mating sex even with own life partner, one must always ensure that the person being so mated with does not have STDs/AIDS and other such diseases. In case of any such chance, the same must immediately be cured. 2. To Use Condom During Sexual Intercourse: How does a condom help? A Condom helps! i. Do not abandon them, as it is not transmitted by friendship. Some Facts and Myths about HIV/AIDS: i. Direct contact with vagina/cervix/penis. ii. This primarily involves the use of a combination of antivirals during pregnancy and after birth in the infant but also potentially includes bottle feeding rather than breastfeeding. If replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe, mothers should avoid breast-feeding their infants, however exclusive breast-feeding is recommended during the first months of life if this is not the case. Many individuals develop an influenza like illness or a mononucleosis-like illness 2-4 weeks post exposure while others have no significant symptoms. ADVERTISEMENTS: Symptoms occur in 40-90% of the cases and most commonly include fever, large tender lymph nodes, throat inflammation, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals. Comprehensive sexual education provided at school may decrease high risk behavior. A substantial minority of young people continues to engage in high-risk practices despite knowing about HIV/AIDS, underestimating their own risk of becoming infected with HIV. There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS such as the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. AIDS is considered a pandemic —a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading. Origin of HIV/AIDS: 1. Through African Monkey To human. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. Each time you go for a blood-test verify whether the equipment to be used on you is sterilized. v. Boils on/near private parts. iv. Avoid multipartner sex. Before using bleach, wash the needle with water. ii. There is no risk of acquiring HIV if exposed to feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit unless these are contaminated with blood. The easiest method for sterilizing needles/syringes is by boiling them for a minimum of 30 minutes. 2. In prevention of STDs. iii. After ejaculation and before the penis goes limp, unroll the condom carefully to ensure that no semen escapes. 6. The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks. HIV is transmitted by three main routes: If possible buy and use a disposable needle syringe. iii. Open the packet carefully. 2. One should seek immediate treatment from a qualified doctor if he acquires an STD and also get his partner examined promptly for the same. iii. It is caused by HIV (The Human Immunodeficiency Virus). ADVERTISEMENTS: In order to lead an AIDS-free life, one must know all about HIV for knowledge is the best defence against AIDS. HIV gets transmitted through: i. Direct contact with anus/rectum. iii. Make a bleach solution using 1 part of bleach to 10 parts of water. iii. It is imperative for each individual to be very particular about personal hygiene. Are HIV infected persons to be kept alienated? No! It is possible to be co-infected by more than one strain of HIV, a condition known as HIV super infection. Consistent protection use reduces the risk of HIV transmission by approximately 80% over the long term. Using a condom not only saves one from acquiring an STD but it also helps in prevention of acquiring AIDS. How do untreated STDs increase the risk of HIV infection? STDs cause genital sores or ulcers which provide easy entry points for the HIV. Some More Guidelines to remain free from STDs: i. AIDS was first recognized by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause, HIV infection was identified in the early part of the decade. Since its discovery, AIDS has caused nearly 30 million deaths (as of 2009). Evidence for a benefit from peer education is equally poor. As the illness progresses it interferes more and more with the immune system, making people much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections, and tumors that do not usually affect people with working immune systems. ADVERTISEMENTS: Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century. Keeping the bleach solution in it for 20 seconds each time. iv. Dried blood is not infective as the HIV cannot live long outside the body and cannot survive in a dried form. 4. To use sterilized or disposable needles/syringes Bear in Mind: i. During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. Bleeding while urination whiles discharge and a difficulty in passing urine. Can Condom help prevent an STD? Yes. Sexual contact, exposure to infected body fluids or tissues and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding (known as vertical transmission). When one partner of a couple is infected, consistent protection use results in rates of HIV infection for the uninfected person of below 1% per year. To use condom during sexual intercourse. 3. Direct contact with exposed wounds. How to use a Condom? To correctly put on a condom: 1.
Before accepting blood or blood products, to make sure that they have been screened for HIV. Whether it protects against male- to-female transmission is disputed and whether it is of benefit in developed countries and among men who have sex with men is undetermined. Some experts fear that a lower perception of vulnerability among circumcised men may result in more sexual risk-taking behavior, thus negating its preventive effects. You could rule out the risk of acquiring HIV infection when you go in for a blood-test if the equipment being used on you is sterile. Some More Information: i. If persons infected from HIV adopt an open and healthy style of living, they can for long survive a normal and healthy life. HIV infected persons should be treated with the same love and care as is provided to persons suffering from other incurable diseases. AIDS is also like other diseases and persons suffering from AIDS feel a healthy by the care and love of family and friends. AIDS patients want your friendship and affection; HIV cannot get transmitted by casual contact such as touching, holding hands, shaking hands, working or playing together, sharing food vessels, and clothes, eating food cooked by an infected person, mosquito and other insect bites, swimming pools and toilets. To keep away from AIDS all one needs to do is: 1. In keeping one safe from acquiring the HIV infection. What does a Condom do? A condom provides a mechanical barrier. Pinch out the air from the teat with the thumb and forefinger. 3. Wrap in a paper carefully and dispose after use. 3. Before accepting blood or blood products, to make sure that they have been screened for HIV Bear in mind: i. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea may occur, as may neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or Guillain-Barre syndrome. The second method for sterilizing is by using bleach powder. Procedure: i. Fill and flush the syringes at least 2-3 times. Therefore, AIDS causes, death, pain and misery. AIDS poses one of the biggest threats to the human existence. Use a condom. ii. It is not known if treating other sexually transmitted infections is effective in preventing HIV. Programs to prevent the transmission of HIV from mothers to children can reduce rates of transmission by 92-99%. There is some evidence to suggest that female protection may provide an equivalent level of protection. Application of a vaginal gel containing tenofovir (a reverse transcriptase inhibitor) immediately before sex seems to reduce infection rates by approximately 40% among African women. In prevention of pregnancies. ii. Blood products like plasma, factor 8, Rh Factor, immunoglobulin, interferon etc. Direct contact with mouth. iv. Mosquitoes are not capable of transmitting HIV infection as the HIV is not able to survive or replicate inside the intestine of the mosquito. iii. The disease has also become subject to many controversies involving religion. There are three main stages of HIV infection: ADVERTISEMENTS: Acute infection, clinical latency and AIDS. The initial period following the contraction of HIV is called acute HIV, primary HIV or acute retroviral syndrome. A single trial of the vaccine RV 144 published in 2009 found a partial reduction in the risk of transmission of roughly 30%, stimulating some hope in the research community of developing a truly effective vaccine. To avoid casual/multipartner sex. 2. Signs, Symptoms and Prevention! Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). If exclusive breast feeding is carried out, the provision of extended antiretroviral prophylaxis to the infant decreases the risk of transmission. As of 2012 there is no effective vaccine for HIV or AIDS. ADVERTISEMENTS: AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. Roll it down to the base of the penis. 5. Donating blood does not carry the risk of transmission of HIV infection as needles used for these purposes are sterile. iv. Human body has a strong immuno capacity. It is capable of fighting all diseases to a large extent. They can be transmitted through vaginal or anal intercourse or through oral sex with an infected person. STDs are serious; The disease also has significant economic impacts. Never reuse water and bleach solution once used in the sterilizing process. 5. To get a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) treated promptly by a qualified doctor as untreated STDs increase chances of acquiring HIV infection. What are STDs? STDs are Sexually Transmitted Diseases; The rash, which occurs in 20-50% of cases, presents itself on the trunk and is classically maculopapular. Some people also develop opportunistic infections at this stage. Burning or itching on/near private parts. iii. Circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa reduces the acquisition of HIV by heterosexual men by between 38% and 66% over 24 months. Based on these studies, the World Health Organization and UNAIDS both recommended male circumcision as a method of preventing female-to-male HIV transmission in 2007. AIDS is a disease that causes deficiency of human immuno system. Roll down the condom over erect penis. 4. It prevents direct contact from potentially infected semen and vaginal fluids in different ways, e. g., i. Menstrual blood of an HIV positive woman is infective. ii. Red patches on/near private parts. ii. Before using a needle/syringe make sure that it is sterile. Medical personnel are at a potential risk of acquiring HIV infection as they have to deal with blood and other body fluids. But the risk is very minimal if precautionary measures such as use of gloves, masks, and goggles are taken when handling potentially infected material. iv. Also should not be accepted until one is sure that they have been screened for HIV. ii. By contrast, use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9 may increase the risk of transmission due to its tendency to cause vaginal and rectal irritation. Aids prevention essay.